Ancient Japan, Ancient Weapons, Bow Making, Bowyers, Kyudo, Kyujutsu, Sacred Bow, Sumo, The Way of the Bow and Arrow, Yumi
ARTICLE AND INTEL/INFO HEREIN.
THE WAY OF THE BOW +…
ARCHERY, oft referred to in JAPAN as KYUDO or KYUJUTSU, (click)
is the modern application and TRADITION of THE WAY
OF THE BOW + ARROW (click).
A Global phenomenon.
Though indeed, the BOW may release the ARROW and fly TRUE…
DOES NOT STRAIGHT FLY.
ARROW TOO… sort of.
Shiro,.. as a student of the NINPO WAY,
straightens out this LEGENDARY WEAPON,..
showing indeed, how BOW bends and curves
with ARROW straightness,..
provide a formidable offensive/defensive capability
to your ARTS OF SELF-DEFENCE.
In JAPAN, the ARCHERS Weapon of choice is…
YUMI ( 弓 ) = the BOW.
YA ( 矢 ) = the ARROW.
Along with the SWORD and SPEAR,..
the BOW + ARROW has long been a part of JAPAN’s
Amongst certain groups at various times in HISTORY…
considered even more worthy of veneration than
the SWORD and various ARCHERS of note
and ability, were oft highly praised.
as with many other MARTIAL WEAPONRY,
it was the RULING class of SAMURAI that formalised
the BOW ARTS OF WAR- usually termed KYUJUTSU;
into the more SPORTIFIED approach of KYUDO. (click)
Mainly to preserve, both ARROWS…
and SAMURAI students in training presumably.
THE BOW AND ARROW…
THE WAY OF THE BOW in Japan,
as in many many, other countries and regions etc…
goes back to our earliest times. A simple and long
used Weapon per se, there still is some evidence
remaining for example, that goes well back
into the b.c. time periods (click).
Globally,.. inclusion in several LEGENDS and so forth.
Images and textual refs are common, as is inclusion
in/on Statuary, the Traditional Japanese Wood
Block UKIYO-E prints/carvings of differing nature
and other cultural artefacts. (click)
Organised CEREMONIES and HUNTS were relatively
common in Japanese country or Castle city areas.
Such attracted NOBLES, SAMURAI, ARISTOCRATS
and the SPORTY Type.
Bow DOWN… TO THE BOW.
ARROW,.. ARCH HERALD OF AGES.
The BOW+ARROW has also,
long been a part of JAPAN’s official and traditional Society. (click)
The SACRED CEREMONY ;
which commemorates the founding of the Nation
and is held in a Sacred SHINTO Shrine precinct for example;
includes displays from THE WAY OF THE BOW.
The KAMAKURA/TOKYO ( YABUSAME ) annual Festival,
NEW YEAR ( HARAI ) Celebrations and the announcement
of ROYAL BIRTHS too ( HIKIME ),..
have long been accompanied by the BOW… (click)
and due to the nature of things… lots of Japanese…
The birth of an addition to the ROYAL FAMILY btw…
is one where the SACRED BOW launches
a somewhat specialised CEREMONIAL ARROW ( TANJO HIKINU ).
This contains… and launches,..
an intricately manufactured ARROW-HEAD ( YA JIRI ); a
PERFORATED type ARROW-HEAD,
which emits during flight a whirring whistling sound…
heralded by sound from THE BOW+ARROW.
Such is this Japanese WAY…
and more peeps bowing too i guess in response.
On target too.
SUMO BOW… BOW SUMO.
Those who RESEARCH a lil deeper than most…
will see and find that MANY MARTIAL WAYS… INTERLINK…
in some way.
Sometimes surprisingly so.
Such here, is with the SUMO… and their MARTIAL WAY.
Whilst on the surface,..
the so called Modern approach to broadcasting of such
events manages to entertain,..
tis also manages to obscure MANY things…
esp. of LEGEND, TRADITION and so forth… for the
SUMO AND THE BOW+ARROW… are WAYs deep indeed.
Akin to the SAMURAI and their SWORD veneration,
The SUMO WAY has inherited THE BOW+ARROW.
It continues to promote this ANCIENT LEGACY and
TRADITION thru Ceremonial Displays within it’s own,
rather than the normal ARCHERY outward BOW
target work and play etc. The Refs and LEGENDS,
tell of the necessity for the presence
of a BOW-MASTER during the Closing Ceremony
of a Champion’s Tournament (click)
Furthermore,.. a special SUMO AWARD; the YUMITORI SHIKI:
is also bestowed on and presented to…
an appropriate CHAMPION SUMO exponent
from the Tournament proper.
The AWARD is a SACRED BOW.
In this presentation of
the SUMO CHAMP’s
arrowed appreciation and acceptance, this
involves a Ceremonial whirl of MARTIAL WAY
Form and Dance type movements,..
BOW… in tow. LEGENDs. Indeed.
WEAPON INTEL #5.
Due to the nature of this WEAPONRY TYPE,..
a LARGE VARIETY
of BOW, STRING, ARROW, ARROW-HEADS
AND TAILS/FEATHERS TOO.
Many components designed for particular uses
live or otherwise.
The INTEL INFO presented herein will present
the BASICS per se in each of the COMPONENTS
that collectively represent the THE BOW+ARROW,..
to provide an overview for the MARTIAL student.
Modern Experts in each of the applicable Trades
can be quite easily found online if further knowledge
is sought or required…
check with your SENSEI perhaps too for suggestions.
BOW + ARROW …=… YUMIYA.
YUMI 弓 YA 矢
CROSS-BOW : DOKYU
FORTRESS/CASTLE BOW : O-YUMI
HORSE-BACK BOW : UMA YUMI
HUNTING BOW : SUZUME YUMI
RATTAN BOUND BOW : SHIGE no YUMI
ROUNDWOOD BOW : MARU-KI
SHORT, SMALL BOW : AZUSA, BANKYU, HANKYU…
SHOULDER BRACED BOW : TEPPO YUMI
SMALL, REPLICA, PLAY BOW : YOKYU
TARTAR REPLICA BOW : HOKO YUMI
WAR BOW : DAIKYU
BOW MAKERS and bowing formally…
are both,.. JAPANESE TRADITIONS.
The JAPANESE NATION itself btw,..(click)
was oft referred to as ‘ the PEOPLE OF THE BOW ‘…
both types. (click)
The Ancient Japanese BOW + ARROW specialist MAKERS
could rely on an awesome array of components
for the aspiring ARCHER.
BOWS… and bows for all occasions indeed.
Each and every Component could be built
to size and requirement,..
if so desired ( and afforded ) by the ARCHER.
BOW,.. STRING,.. ARROW too.
A large diverse range of readily available
base materials ensured suitability.
Ceremonial,.. training, hunting and war.
All types easily catered to and for.
The ongoing demand for DEPENDABLE
products of the trades and crafts of WEAPONRY
manufacture ensured also,.. a high quality
Trades people would find much needed work,
worth their while.
This too, encouraged and allowed a
TRADITION and WAY to evolve. (click)
BOW MASTER : YUMISHINAN
MASTER BOW MAKER + ARCHER : ONYUMISHI
BOWSTRING : TSURU, TSURAO
ELASTIC BOWSTRING : KUSUNE
PLUCKING the BOWSTRING : NUIGEN
STRINGS THAT BIND
Along with the various woods and metals
incorporated into the BOW+ARROW,..
such as BONE, IVORY and SILK
could be substituted for ceremonial
or aesthetic purposes/reasons by
the MAKERS and BOW STRINGERS. (click)
A good look indeed.
BOW COMPONENTS: WOOD, METAL, BONE, IVORY
ARROW COMPONENTS : WOOD, METAL, SILK, FEATHERS
STRING COMPONENTS : HEMP, SINEW, SILK
ARROW MAKER : HIYA
MASTER ARROW MAKER : O-HIYA
MASTER BOW STRINGER : TSURA SASHI
Manufacturing Specialists furthermore,..
such as the master makers, would…
and could, easily provide the ARCHER in-training
with easy… and cheaper access to the required
ROUNDED TIP ENDS, PADDED TIPS, WOODEN TIPS
and so forth were also in the range on offer.
No wasted shot here it seems.
Cheap shots abound,.. though indeed.
ARROW FEATHERS btw… are made from…
the FEATHERS of the larger Birds of Prey.
LEFT CURVE FEATHERS : HAYA
RIGHT CURVE FEATHERS : OTOYA
SPECIALIST ARROW MAKER : YA HAKI
BLUNT ARROW : MATO YA
ROUNDED ARROW : KI HOKO
ARROW BAMBOO SHAFT : YADAKE
ARROW REED SHAFT : YAGARA
ARROW TIP/HEAD : YAJIRI
ARROW-HEAD… of many faces.
YA JIRI… the MAJOR SHAPES :
BARBED : WATAKUSHI
CHISEL : TSUBEKI ne
DRAGON’s TONGUE : RINZETSU
KITE : TOBU
NARROW WILLOW LEAF : HOSO YANAGIBA
POINTED : TOGARI
2 POINTED, bifurcated : KARIMATA
SIGNAL, whistling : HIKIME, HINIKI, KABURA, MEITEKI
SMARTWEED LEAF : TADENARI
SPADE : RYOKAI
SWORD POINT : TSURUGI JIRI
TRIANGULAR : SANKAKU
WILLOW LEAF : YANAGIBA
THE SOUND OF THE ARROW : HYAGO
The ARROW HEADS… + TAIL/FEATHERS… all reflect diversity.
Indeed… and in fact too.
As with any of the major types of WEAPONRY Manufacture
and associated Black-smith type Trades;
there was oft great technical care in the production processes
of ALL COMPONENTS. The MAKERS used and adapted
knowledge passed down from WAR,.. SWORD-SMITHING,..
CARPENTRY,.. WILD GAME LORE, LEATHERS,.. and so forth.
These TRADITIONS were indeed HANDS ON.
of any and all natures, in the obvious need for SELF-DEFENCE,..
were outfitted… in those times… HAND MADE per se.
Made by TRADE + WEAPONRY Specialists,..
many are with subtle, oft innovative design differences.
Oft unique too… just like THE ARCHERS themselves.
Our World LEGENDS.
BOW… and bow down.
ARCHERY RANGE/CONCOURSE : IBA, YABA, MATOBA, YADO…
ARCHERY TARGET PRACTICE/TRAINING : KAKAUCHI
BOW+ARROW SET : KYUSEN
BAMBOO HAT TARGET : KASAGAKE
DEER TARGET : KUSAJISHI
LARGE TARGET : O-MATO
ROUND TARGET : MARUMONO
STRAW BUNDLE TARGET : MAKIWARA
TRI TARGET SHOOTING DRILL : YABUSAME
THE HUNT IS ON…
BIG GAME HUNT : MAKIGARI
BIRD HUNT : OITORIGARI
DOG HUNT : INUOI
ALL OVER THE WORD.
QUIVER COMPONENTS : WOOD, LEATHER, FURS
ANCIENT STYLE QUIVER : KACHIYUKI
ARROW CASE : YABAKO
BOW STAND : CHADO KAKE
BOX QUIVER CONTAINER : YATSUBO, YAZATSU…
CYLINDRICAL ARROW STAND : YADATE
DECORATED QUIVER CASE : HEIKOROKU
FLAT QUIVER CASE : IKA (usually willow wood).
HUNTING QUIVER : KARI YEBIRA
LEATHER QUIVER BASKET : TSURU MAKI
QUIVER (basic) : YEBIRA
WOOD TYPE : OURUMA (similar yew).
A-Z of… YUMIYA’s…
THE GOD OF WAR,.. HACHIMAN (nick-name) : ASYUMI
THE LEFT HAND (the BOW hand…) (nick-name) : YUMI-no TE
ANCIENT NOBILITY : KUGE
ARCHER : ITE
ARCHER ADEPT : SHAGEI
ARCHER EXPERT ( ‘ Holder of the BOW ‘ ) : YUMI TORI
ARCHERY : KYUDO
ARROW TAIL FEATHERS : OTSUBA
BOW MASTER : YUMISHINAN
CLOSE RANGE SHOT : KOKASAGAKE
LONG RANGE SHOT : TOKASAGAKE
SAMURAI MILITARY ARISTOCRAT : BUKE
TRADITIONAL JAP.WRESTLING WAY : SUMO
THE WAY OF THE BOW+ARROW : KYUJUTSU
SYSTEM OF THE WAY.
Until eclipsed by the GUNNERY,..
the ARCHERS were ELITE SOLDIERS.
Collectively many battles were decided + won
with the oft repeated draw of the BOW.
LEGENDS are peppered throughout. (click) (click)
From the very well aimed,..
thru to the casual upwards
flick of the particular fingers concerned…
opposite of hand peace sign perhaps here (click).
The disciplined Japanese approach to such a MARTIAL ART,
ensures such as the KYUDO Tradition continues to
highlight all the various and particular actions required
to perform and target appropriately.
Akin to other MARTIAL WAY’s use of KATA, (click)
each movement, of BOW and ARCHER reflects
a functional systematic way, of achieving
the precise and smooth coordination to fulfill…
THE WAY OF THE BOW.
∗ THE STANCE : ASHIBUMI
∗ PREP AND BREATHING : DOZUKURI
∗ NOTCHING THE ARROW : YUGAME
∗ RAISE BOW AND DRAW : UCHIOKOSHI
∗ SETTLE AND DRAW : HIKIWAKE
∗ FINISH FULL DRAW AND TARGETING : KAI
∗ ARROW RELEASE : HANARE
∗ FINAL POSTURE : ZANSHIN
NINJA YUMI DATA…
FIRE ARROW : HIYA, BOHIYA
B GRADE MARTIAL MOVIE SHOUT : HIIII YAAH.!.
biff,bam…baddies fall etc.
Long prior to the Modern use of technology
to increase one’s fire-power,..
SAMURAI and NINJA too, used the POWER of FIRE
set their world on fire.!.
GETTING THE BOW…
ALL FIRED UP.
AN ARROW DOES NOT FLY…
STRAIGHT AS AN ARROW.?.
SHIRO SAYS… THE BEND AND CURVES…
THE ARROW GOES THRU…
STAY STRAIGHT AS…
POWER DELIVERED VIA
A LINEAR HARMONIC OSCILLATION.
PULL TIGHT… POWER UP.
LET THE ARROW… SHOW YOU.
THE WAY OF THE BOW.
THIS RESEARCH ARTICLE IS DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF
who moved on to the next during this time and whose support
of this NINJA student will always be appreciated and noted.
Shiro says… take care and,..
TO TARGET THE ORIGIN LEGENDS OF ROCKnROLL… (click)…
or here (click)… TO ZERO IN ON SCIENCE’s NUCLEAR NASTIES…
or indeed and instead,… be inspired to aim high and
scroll up for another view of the astonishing ARROW…
STRAIGHT AS LEGENDS OF THE WAY.